PCB board material, also called Substrate material, is the foundation of PCB. The more sturdy materials you pick, the more durable your PCB is.
They offer extreme support in many layers of PCB to ensure smooth connections. These PCB layers are the Substrate, Conductive, Soldermask, and Silkscreen.
For smooth operations, you need to pick top-notch quality PCB material types. Do you need clarification about choosing the suitable material?
You are, thus, in the proper location. In this blog, we’ll review a few elements that can assist you in selecting the ideal PCB material.
Things To Consider When Picking PCB Board Material
You must pick the best PCB materials for optimal performance, cost-effectiveness, and reliability.
Here are some factors that will help you choose the right ones without struggling hard, so let’s delve in.
1. Electrical Properties
First, check the components’ electrical performance to get the best PCB material properties. You must check the Dielectric constant and Loss tangent to check the electric rate.
The Dielectric constant (Dk) shows the material’s ability to save electric energy. At the same time, Loss tangent (Df) represents the material’s energy dissipation factor.
They affect high-speed and high-frequency PCBs’ crosstalk, signal integrity, and performance.
2. Thermal Properties
It includes thermal conductivity and glass transition temperature. They both help in finding the thermal rate of electric devices.
The PCB board material with high thermal conductivity is good. The reason is it can dissipate heat that electrical components generate.
Moreover, it boosts the device’s operational life by reducing thermal failures. Similarly, the high glass transition temperature is good.
As it helps PCB to maintain its mechanical stability at high temperatures. These PCB material properties make them best for devices working in high temperatures.
3. Mechanical Performance
While picking the best PCB material types, check their mechanical performance. Consider factors like flexural strength, tensile strength, and impact resistance.
The tensile strength represents the ability to withstand stretching forces. The flexural strength gauges its resistance to bending.
Lastly, the impact resistance determines the material’s ability to withstand sudden impacts.
4. Chemical Resistance
PCB components deal with many chemicals during processing, including manufacturing, assembly, and other operations.
The operations include fluxes, solvent cleaning, and corrosive environments. The high chemical resistant of PCB substrate material is good.
The reason is, that it can handle all types of exposures without causing any lose. Including the lose of electrical, mechanical, and thermal properties.
To know the chemical resistance of PCB materials, consider chemicals it may encounter. The material with high resistance will suffer less from blistering, delamination, and degradation.
In short, they don’t compromise on the reliability and performance of the device.
5. Cost of PCB Components
You must consider the pricing while considering electrical, thermal, mechanical, and chemical properties. When looking for high-end PCB material properties, don’t ignore your budget.
You must check the lifecycle of components, including manufacturing, assembly, and maintenance costs. Pick the PCB board materials that are cost-effective.
Also, available easily in the market. This will ensure fewer potential delays, better project execution, and fewer cost overruns.
Common PCB Board Material
There is a huge list of PCB substrate materials available in the market that can confuse you. To clear your confusion about the best materials, Visit the website. Yet, here is a quick list of materials you can not avoid.
This PCB board material is famous for its cost-effectiveness, versatility, and performance. It contains flame-retardant epoxy resin and woven fiberglass cloth. Both of them improve electrical insulation, mechanical strength, and thermal stability.
The best thermal, mechanical, and chemical characteristics are well-known about it. Applications requiring high-temperature resistance, adaptability, and dependability use it.
It is a composite material made from woven glass fibers with an epoxy resin. The resin offers better thermal stability, electrical insulation, and mechanical strength. It is famous as a cost-effective alternative to FR-4.
They are also known as Teflon. PTFE has high electrical properties and a low dielectric constant. It works in microwave and high-frequency applications. , only because of low signal loss and increased electrical performance.
Specialized PCB Materials
For the best PCB material properties, look for these specialized materials.
Use in systems that need signal integrity and less signal loss at high frequencies. It comes with low dielectric constant and loss tangent values. These features help to reduce signal distortion and maintain signal integrity.
Metal Core PCB Materials
These materials contain aluminum or copper. They dissipate heat away from electronic components. That’s why they offer better thermal performance and reliability.
High-Temperature PCB Materials
These materials can handle high temperatures without compromising performance or reliability. They feature high glass transition temperature and low coefficients of thermal expansion. Both these features ensure better performance.
While shopping for the best PCB board materials, consider all the factors. Pick only the ones that fulfill your project requirements. Also, it boosts efficiency and comes at reasonable rates. If you are not sure how to choose, please contact King Sun PCB Technology. They will have professional technical personnel to help you.