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Malware is a danger to your business in terms of both productivity and money. It has the potential to jeopardize your sensitive data and bring your organization to a standstill.

Cyberattacks are becoming more complicated and sophisticated as well. The days of depending on the built-in antivirus software on your computer are long gone. To stay safe, businesses need the best endpoint security software.

It’s crucial to understand the type of malware attack you could be exposed to. So we invite you to take a look at this list of typical malware attack types to get a better idea of the harm malware may do. Then you can examine the security issues that your company has in preventing cyberattacks.


People often use the terms malware and computer viruses interchangeably, although they are not the same thing. The many types of computer viruses you can come across are a subtype of malware. They’ve been around for so long that people tend to associate them with all types of malware.

By injecting its code into another software, a virus changes computer files. When this happens, security experts term the host file infected. Until a human or a computer process accesses the infected file, the virus stays dormant. The virus then goes on to inflict its damage.

A malware virus multiplies itself in the same way as a biological virus does. When you trigger a virus, it spreads to other files and applications on your computer.

How to spot computer viruses?

Antivirus software will either delete or quarantine infected files. However, since the viral code is entwined with the infected program, it’s difficult to clear the infected file.

We tend not to see malware attacks such as viruses that much anymore. Cyberattacks are more common as they can spread faster than computer viruses due to the internet.


A worm is similar to a virus because it spreads copies of itself. But, unlike viruses, worms do not require the infected software to function.

Worms make use of software flaws or employ deception tactics to get into your IT network. They may convince users to open an email attachment containing the worm, for example.

Worms infect computers and carry out destructive tasks. They can destroy files and steal sensitive information after you unknowingly install them. Worms may spread across computer networks in minutes because they execute without the need for infected host files.

If you’re a Mac user, we recommend checking out one of the best malware removal for Mac. This way, you can protect yourself from such malicious attacks.


A trojan is a malware that disguises itself as helpful software and convinces people to download it. Trojans can impersonate useful programs, critical email attachments, free games, and antivirus software. So if you’re wondering how to prevent malware attacks, in this case, be wary of what you open.

Trojans create ways for hackers to get access to your system once you download one. They don’t replicate but instead depend on people to fall for their trap.

Trojans collaborate with other malware to carry out an attacker’s objectives. Your system begins to operate in a slow manner when you have a trojan. Then the trojan increases its internet usage and starts to freeze or crash your computer.

Polymorphic Malware

Polymorphic malware is sophisticated. It evades antivirus attempts to halt it by altering its recognizable characteristics regularly.

Polymorphic malware changes portions of itself with each file it infects to make it harder to detect. Some polymorphic malware attempts to slow down the pace of mutation over time to render antivirus scans ineffective.

Pattern analysis is a reliable detection approach for identifying the features of polymorphic malware in action. There are other advanced methods you can deploy as well.


Ransomware is one of the most dangerous types of 2021 malware. The name is self-explanatory. A cybercriminal attempts to encrypt your data and files, preventing you from accessing them.

The hacker then wants a ransom in exchange for the data’s release. Even if you pay the ransom, there’s a chance you won’t get your data back.

When unlawful file encryption begins, you know you’re dealing with ransomware. Backing up your information to a secure storage place on a regular basis will assist you in recovering from a ransomware attack.


To get control of your computer, cybercriminals employ rootkits. Rootkits are pieces of software that give thieves complete administrative access to your device, allowing them to perform modifications like uninstalling antivirus software.

Since this sort of attack has complete control over your machine, your endpoint security often becomes ineffective. When malware keeps reappearing despite your antivirus software clearing up infected files, this might be an indication of a rootkit infestation.

Rootkits mimic human behavior by performing computer activities. Ad fraud is a typical use of them. To earn revenue for the attacker, a rootkit can launch invisible browsers and click on advertising.


Keyloggers are a legal type of software that companies use to know what employees are typing. It sounds pretty sinister, right? Anyhow, hackers can use this type of software for malicious purposes.

A typical approach is a hacker will send you an email and trick you into clicking through a link. The page they take you to might look very similar to your bank’s website. Then they’ll ask you to log in, and you give away your details.


There are various types of bots that hackers use. Cybercriminals enslave your computer using bots.

There are DDoS bots, advertising click fraud bots, and spambots. Hackers can use each of these bots maliciously.

The Many Types of Malware

There are many types of malware that cybercriminals can use to breach your system. It’s important to understand that viruses are just one aspect of malware, and they are not so common now. The takeaway is, you need to invest in endpoint security.

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